Interdisciplinary Journal of Virtual Learning in Medical Sciences

Published by: Kowsar

The Effectiveness of Positive Thinking Skills on Academic Procrastination of High School Female Students Kermanshah City

Somayeh Moradi 1 , Alireza Rashidi 2 and Mohsen Golmohammadian 3 , *
Authors Information
1 School Counseling, Faculty of Social Sciences, Razi University, Kermanshah, IR Iran
2 Philosophy of Education, Faculty of Social Sciences, Razi University, Kermanshah, IR Iran
3 Counseling, Faculty of Social Sciences, Razi University, Kermanshah, IR Iran
Article information
  • Interdisciplinary Journal of Virtual Learning in Medical Sciences: March 2017, 8 (1); e11784
  • Published Online: March 28, 2017
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: February 1, 2017
  • Revised: February 19, 2017
  • Accepted: March 5, 2017
  • DOI: 10.5812/ijvlms.11784

To Cite: Moradi S, Rashidi A, Golmohammadian M. The Effectiveness of Positive Thinking Skills on Academic Procrastination of High School Female Students Kermanshah City, Interdiscip J Virtual Learn Med Sci. 2017 ; 8(1):e11784. doi: 10.5812/ijvlms.11784.

Copyright © 2017, Interdisciplinary Journal of Virtual Learning in Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
1. Background
2. Methods
3. Results
4. Discussion and Conclusions
  • 1. Kandemir M. Reasons of Academic Procrastination: Self-regulation, Academic Self-efficacy, Life Satisfaction and Demographics Variables. Proc Soc Behav Sci. 2014; 152: 188-93[DOI]
  • 2. Steel P. The nature of procrastination: a meta-analytic and theoretical review of quintessential self-regulatory failure. Psychol Bull. 2007; 133(1): 65-94[DOI][PubMed]
  • 3. Wohl MJA, Pychyl TA, Bennett SH. I forgive myself, now I can study: How self-forgiveness for procrastinating can reduce future procrastination. Pers Individ Differ. 2010; 48(7): 803-8
  • 4. Ellis A, James Null W. Ahmalkary psychology, overcoming procrastination fell. 2009;
  • 5. Pala A, Akyıldız M, Bagcı C. Academic Procrastination Behaviour of Pre-service Teachers’ of Celal Bayar University. Proc Soc Behav Sci. 2011; 29: 1418-25[DOI]
  • 6. Fee RL, Tangney JP. Procrastination: A means of avoiding shame or guilt? J Soc Behav Pers. 2000; 15(5): 167
  • 7. Hill MB, Hill DA, Chabot AE, Barrall JF. A survey of college faculty and student procrastination. College Student J. 1978;
  • 8. Effert BR, Ferrari JR. Decisional procrastination: Examining personality correlates. J Soc Behav Pers. 1989;
  • 9. Ellis A, Knaus WJ. Overcoming procrastination: or, how to think and act rationally in spite of life's inevitable hassles. 1979;
  • 10. Ferrari JR. A preference for a favorable public impression by procrastinators: Selecting among cognitive and social tasks. Pers Individ Differ. 1991; 12(11): 1233-7[DOI]
  • 11. Lay CH. Trait procrastination and the perception of person-task characteristics. J Soc Behav Pers. 1992; 7(3): 483-94
  • 12. Lay CH, Schouwenburg HC. Trait procrastination, time management, and academic behavior. J soc Behav Pers. 1993; 8(4): 647
  • 13. Lay C, Silverman S. Trait procrastination, anxiety, and dilatory behavior. Pers Individ Differ. 1996; 21(1): 61-7[DOI]
  • 14. DuBrin AJ. Applying psychology: Individual and organizational effectiveness. 2004;
  • 15. Ellis A, Knaus WJ. Overcoming procrastination. 2002;
  • 16. Grunschel C, Patrzek J, Fries S. Exploring different types of academic delayers: A latent profile analysis. Learn Individ Differ. 2013; 23: 225-33[DOI]
  • 17. Golestanibakht T, Shekari M. The Relationship Between academic procrastination with Metacognitive beliefs. J Soc Cogn. 2013; 2(3): 89-100
  • 18. Seligman MEP, Steen TA, Park N, Peterson C. Positive Psychology Progress: Empirical Validation of Interventions. Am Psychol. 2005; 60(5): 410-21[DOI]
  • 19. Carr A. Positive psychology, the science of human happiness and strength. 2007;
  • 20. Seligman MEP, Rashid T, Parks AC. Positive psychotherapy. Am Psychol. 2006; 61(8): 774-88[DOI]
  • 21. Seligman MEP. Children optimistic. 2005;
  • 22. Seligman MEP, Ernst RM, Gillham J, Reivich K, Linkins M. Positive education: positive psychology and classroom interventions. Oxford Rev Educ. 2009; 35(3): 293-311[DOI]
  • 23. Rashid T, Anjum A. Positive psychotherapy for young adults and children. J Positive Psychol. 2007; 37: 325-31
  • 24. Donaldson SI, Dollwet M, Rao MA. Happiness, excellence, and optimal human functioning revisited: Examining the peer-reviewed literature linked to positive psychology. J Positive Psychol. 2014; 10(3): 185-95[DOI]
  • 25. Mohammadi M, Bani Adam L. 410 – Effectivenes of positive thinking skills training on student’s happiness. Eur Psychiatr. 2013; 28: 1[DOI]
  • 26. Lee V, Robin Cohen S, Edgar L, Laizner AM, Gagnon AJ. Meaning-making intervention during breast or colorectal cancer treatment improves self-esteem, optimism, and self-efficacy. Soc Sci Med. 2006; 62(12): 3133-45[DOI]
  • 27. Alberto J, Joyner B. Hope, optimism, and self-care among Better Breathers Support Group members with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Appl Nurs Res. 2008; 21(4): 212-7[DOI]
  • 28. Hariri M, Khodami N. A study of the efficacy of teaching happiness Based on the Fordyce method to elderly people on their life expectancy. Proc Soc Behav Sci. 2011; 30: 1412-5[DOI]
  • 29. Emmons RA, McCullough ME. Counting blessings versus burdens: An experimental investigation of gratitude and subjective well-being in daily life. J Pers Soc Psychol. 2003; 84(2): 377-89[DOI]
  • 30. Rashid T. Positive psychotherapy: A strength-based approach. J Positive Psychol. 2014; 10(1): 25-40[DOI]
  • 31. Nazari H. The effectiveness of group therapy on Adjustment boy highschool students in Poldasht area. 2009;
  • 32. Vakili M. The effectiveness of group therapy on Adjustment boy highschool students in karaj city. 2009;
  • 33. Motamedian A. The effectiveness of positive thinking skills on coping strategies of Shahriar high school boy students. 2010;
  • 34. Sdart Madany M. The effectiveness of positive thinking skills on reducing addiction potentiality students' malard area. 2010;
  • 35. Glick DM, Millstein DJ, Orsillo SM. A preliminary investigation of the role of psychological inflexibility in academic procrastination. J Contex Behav Sci. 2014; 3(2): 81-8[DOI]
  • 36. Wong SS. Negative thinking versus positive thinking in a Singaporean student sample: Relationships with psychological well-being and psychological maladjustment. Learn Individ Differ. 2012; 22(1): 76-82[DOI]
  • 37. Neenan M. Tackling Procrastination: An REBT Perspective for Coaches. J Ration Emotiv Cogn Behav Ther. 2008; 26(1): 53-62[DOI]
  • 38. Ferrari JR. Dysfunctional procrastination and its relationship with self-esteem, interpersonal dependency, and self-defeating behaviors. Pers Individ Differ. 1994; 17(5): 673-9[DOI]
  • 39. Kagan M, Cakır O, Ilhan T, Kandemir M. The explanation of the academic procrastination behaviour of university students with perfectionism, obsessive – compulsive and five factor personality traits. Proc Soc Behav Sci. 2010; 2(2): 2121-5[DOI]
  • 40. Fredrickson B. The Value of Positive Emotions. Am Sci. 2003; 91(4): 330[DOI]
  • 41. Neenan M. Developing resilience: A cognitive-behavioural approach. 2009;
  • 42. Guney S. The Positive Psychotherapy Inventory (PPTI): Reliability and Validity Study in Turkish Population. Proc Soc Behav Sci. 2011; 29: 81-6[DOI]
  • 43. Luthans F, Jensen SM. Hope: A New Positive Strength for Human Resource Development. Human Resource Dev Rev. 2002; 1(3): 304-22[DOI]
  • 44. Jowkar B, Delavarpour MA. The relationship between academic procrastination with achievement goal. N Thought Educ. 2007; 3(4): 61-80
  • 45. Seligman MEP, Csikszentmihalyi M. Positive psychology: An introduction. Am Psychol. 2000; 55(1): 5-14[DOI]
Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:



Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments