Comparison of the Effectiveness of Web-Based, Cooperative Learning and Traditional Teaching Methods in Achievement Motivation and Academic Achievement in the Biology Course
Interdisciplinary Journal of Virtual Learning in Medical Sciences: June 30, 2014, 5 (2); e59001
June 20, 2014
Article Type: Research Article
July 28, 2017
June 20, 2014
M B , Manshaee
G R , Talebi
H , Ashoori
J . Comparison of the Effectiveness of Web-Based, Cooperative Learning and Traditional Teaching Methods in Achievement Motivation and Academic Achievement in the Biology Course,
Interdiscip J Virtual Learn Med Sci.
Introduction: Web-based teaching method is known as a new and active teaching method which enhances achievement motivation and academic achievement. This study aimed to compare the effectiveness of web-based, cooperative learning and traditional teaching methods in achievement motivation and academic achievement in the biology course.
Materials and Methods: In this quasi-experimental study with a pre-test and post-test design, 60 male students having a biology course were selected through the multi-step cluster sampling method and randomly assigned to three groups. One experimental group was educated through the web-based method and the other through cooperative learning method for 15 sessions. The control group, however, was educated through traditional methods. All groups completed the achievement motivation questionnaire (Hermans, 1970) and a teacher-made test as the pre-test and post-test. The data were analyzed, using the SPSS software, version 19, the multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA).
Results: The findings showed that unlike the traditional method, the web-based method led to more increase in both achievement motivation and academic achievement. The cooperative learning method also increased academic achievement more than the traditional method. However, regarding achievement motivation, there was no significant difference between these two approaches. Regarding academic achievement, there was no significant difference between web-based and cooperative methods (p<0/05).
Conclusion: Both web-based and cooperative learning methods enhanced the students’ academic achievement more than the traditional method. But only the web-based method enhanced the students’ achievement motivation.
Education; Cooperative Learning; Traditional Education; Achievement Motivation; Academic Achievement; Biology; Assessment;
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